premise n : a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn; "on the assumption that he has been injured we can infer that he will not to play" [syn: premiss, assumption]
1 set forth beforehand, often as an explanation; "He premised these remarks so that his readers might understand"
2 furnish with a preface or introduction; "She always precedes her lectures with a joke"; "He prefaced his lecture with a critical remark about the institution" [syn: precede, preface, introduce]
3 take something as preexisting and given [syn: premiss]
- A proposition antecedently supposed or proved; something previously stated or assumed as the basis of further argument; a condition; a supposition.
- Either of the first two propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is deduced.
- Matters previously stated or set forth; esp., that part in the beginning of a deed, the office of which is to express the grantor and grantee, and the land or thing granted or conveyed, and all that precedes the habendum; the thing demised or granted.
- A piece of real estate;
a building and its
adjuncts (in this sense,
used most often in the plural form).
- trespass on another’s premises
proposition antecedently supposed or proved
either of the first two propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is deduced
- Czech: předpoklad, premisa
- Dutch: voorwaarde
- Hebrew: הנחה
- Portuguese: premissa
Matters previously stated or set forth
- Hebrew: הנחה
- Portuguese: premissa
piece of real estate
- Dutch: perceel
- ttbc German: Prämisse
In discourse and logic, a premise is a claim that is a reason (or element of a set of reasons) for, or objection against, some other claim. In other words, it is a statement presumed true within the context of an argument toward a conclusion. Premises are sometimes stated explicitly by way of disambiguation or for emphasis, but more often they are left tacitly understood as being obvious or self-evident ("it goes without saying"), or not conducive to succinct discourse. For example, in the argument
- Socrates is mortal, since all men are
it is evident that a tacitly understood claim is that Socrates is a man. The fully expressed reasoning is thus:
- Since all men are mortal and Socrates is a man, it follows that Socrates is mortal.
In this example, the first two independent clauses preceding the comma (namely, "all men are mortal" and "Socrates is a man") are the premises, while "Socrates is mortal" is the conclusion.
In the context of ordinary argumentation, the rational acceptability of a disputed conclusion depends on both the truth of the premises and the soundness of the reasoning from the premises to the conclusion.
premise in Macedonian: Премиса
premise in Polish: Przesłanka
premise in German: Prämisse
premise in Finnish: Premissi
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